Koryaks


Koryaks
   Ethnic group. Numbering fewer than 9,000, the Koryaks are an indigenous Asiatic people who live in the Kamchatka Peninsula. They identify themselves as either Nymylan (Koryak: “village dwellers”) or Chavchu (“reindeer herders”). The Koryak language is a member of the Chukotko-Kamchatkan language family and is related to Chukchi. Koryaks practice animism and shamanism, often alongside Russian Orthodoxy. In the Gorbachev era, the Koryaks established a special nationality commission to deal with the federal government on indigenous issues such as the fur trade. They were also represented in the Association of the Peoples of the North, a nongovernmental organization (NGO) formed to protect the traditional rights and lands of Russia’s northern national minorities. Since 1991, the privatization and marketization of Russia has weakened the Koryaks’ position against environmentally unsound practices, although they have found some success through cooperation with international NGOs committed to environmental protection. Until 2007, Koryaks possessed their own autonomous okrug called Koryakiya; however, after the results of a 2005 referendum, the region was merged with Kamchatka Oblast to form Kamchatka Krai.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Koryaks — con armaduras en las zonas al norte de la Bahía de Penzhinsky. 1900 01. Otros nombres Koriak Ubicación Rusia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Koryaks — Populations significatives par régions  Russie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Koryaks — Infobox Ethnic group group=Koryaks poptime=8743 (2002 Census) popplace=Russia rels=Shamanism, Russian Orthodoxy langs=Russian, Koryak related c=other Chukotko Kamchatkan peoplesKoryaks (or Koriak) are an indigenous people of Kamchatka Krai in the …   Wikipedia

  • Russian-American telegraph — The Russian American telegraph also known as the Western Union Telegraph Expedition and the Collins Overland telegraph was an $3,000,000 undertaking by the Western Union Telegraph Company in 1865 1867, to lay an electric telegraph line from San… …   Wikipedia

  • Haplogroup C (Y-DNA) — Infobox haplogroup name =C origin date =60,000 years origin place =Middle East or South Asia ancestor =CF descendants =C1, C2, C3, C4, C5 mutations =M130, M216In human genetics, Haplogroup C (RPS4Y=M130, M216) is a Y chromosome… …   Wikipedia

  • Haplogroup C3 (Y-DNA) — In human genetics, Haplogroup C3 (M217, P44) is a Y chromosome DNA haplogroup mainly found in indigenous Mongolians. Haplogroup C3 is the most widespread and frequently occurring branch of the greater Haplogroup C (M130). One particular haplotype …   Wikipedia

  • Siberie — Sibérie District fédéral de Sibérie (rouge foncé) et Sibérie au sens large (rouge moyen) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sibérie occidentale — Sibérie District fédéral de Sibérie (rouge foncé) et Sibérie au sens large (rouge moyen) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sibérie orientale — Sibérie District fédéral de Sibérie (rouge foncé) et Sibérie au sens large (rouge moyen) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Russian–American Telegraph — Painting of men working on the Collins Overland telegraph line, by John Clayton White. The Russian–American Telegraph, also known as the Western Union Telegraph Expedition and the Collins Overland Telegraph, was a $3,000,000 undertaking by the… …   Wikipedia